Methods for Projects
An observation on the different methods used for entrepreneurial learning projects and the extent to which they are stimulating for students, based on the experience of a Polish school.
Purpose and process
Teaching methods are usually grouped with practical methods, and rarely seen as stimulating methods (belonging to a problematic group). The Stimulation method is based on students independently realising tasks which were prepared by teachers on the basis of earlier established goals. Didactic projects are divided into two groups:
- Research project - focused on developing skills and knowledge
- Project based on local actions – activities within the local community. In the project method, as in any other teaching method, two factors should be taken into consideration: the preparation of teaching materials and working with students.
Approaches used in the Stimulation method include: brain storming; situational; staging; problem-solving and decision making.
The method is intended to arouse students' interest/curiosity and to encourage them to act. It also provokes the need for them to broaden their knowledge. It can be used to teach the basics of entrepreneurship.
Curricular or thematic relevance
Project-based approaches fit well with the national curriculum objecitves and can add value to many subjects.
How to organise:
Can be used within timetabled lessons or in other contexts such as suspended timetable events.
See examples of projects below.
Assessment and evaluation approaches
Integrated within the method via discussion, teacher-led, self- and peer-assessment and formal presentation/evaluation of results.
'Now Wojslawice' – a marketing undertaking which integrates the educational environment, local businesses and local commune administration in Zdunska Wola, with the problem of career activation and promoting entrepreneurial attitudes among the youth living in the commune.
The project took place in a college of food technology and agriculture. The aim of the project was to activate the youth and increase their chances in the job market. It commenced with a conference called 'Activities bringing education closer to career training, based on school cooperations with local businesses'. Youth project groups were created which contacted chosen companies in the agricultural sector, and based on that cooperation put together marketing projects. Company employees fulfilled the role of business consultants. There were also workshops called 'Business with class'. The project ended with a conference geared towards the educational environment –'Activities bringing education closer to career training, based on school cooperations with local businesses'. For the realization of the project, funds were gathered through a programme called 'Be active locally'. The following equipment was purchased: a computer, projector and screen. A three day study field trip was organised for participants, during which young members could become more acquainted with how the wholesale market works and how the merchandise exchange market functions.
'Chefs of their own destiny' – supports a distant ZSRCKU student initiative regarding organisation of training programmes to develop skills for carrying out modern catering services. The project comprised of workshops called 'Organizing catering services' which took place in three subject blocks: Gastronomy – waiting, Language and Entrepreneurship. Summing up the effects of the project was an independent undertaking initiated by the youth under the name 'Catering without secrets'. During the independently organised and planned banquet, the young participants presented skills they acquired during the workshops.
'School companies being a social ambassador for social economy development in the countryside and rural areas'. The aim of this project was developed by students familiar with the profile and social business model based on an analysis of local problems and accessible resources. The young project participants took part in 4 training modules and 2 national conferences. In addition, they independently organised 2 local conferences focused on social economy, and were responsible for announcing the project in the media.
The project 'Travel, sleep, and discover over the horizon…' was realized within the Polish nationwide programme, 'Making chances equal'. The project was developed in partnership with the young people and its main goals were to improve self-assessment, increase skills in acquiring social support and develop teamwork skills. The axis of the project was a metaphorical trip past the horizon of their passiveness, apathy and helplessness. To this axis there were activities such as: 'E-postcard from Wojslawic'; 'Culinary Traditions'; 'Young presenters'; 'Wojslawice-Press'; 'Let’s meet' – planning and organizing of meetings with a partner in order to exchange experiences; 'This is how we are' – summing up celebration.
helper do TM detail body (June 6th, 1st half)